Safety Counts is an HIV prevention intervention for out-of-treatment active injection and non-injection drug users aimed at reducing both high-risk drug use and sexual behaviors. It is a behaviorally focused, seven-session intervention, which includes both structured and unstructured psycho-educational activities in group and individual settings.
This intervention works well with CDC's Advancing HIV Prevention initiative as it strongly encourages HIV testing as a precursor to program enrollment, clients can be recruited from testing programs, and sessions include a discussion of the importance of testing to the client. The intervention addresses the needs of both HIV-negative and HIV-positive clients.
Important CDC Update:
The CDC’s strategy for High Impact HIV Prevention involves prioritizing and implementing an optimal combination of cost-effective, scalable interventions based on the current state of the science. This shift should help improve the effectiveness of HIV prevention efforts, reduce HIV incidence, and ultimately increase the possibility of achieving an AIDS-free America. In its ongoing effort to align HIV prevention resources with current surveillance data and this strategy, the Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention (DHAP) at CDC will not offer trainings or capacity building assistance on the following evidence-based interventions (EBIs): AIM, ¡Cuídate!, Focus on Youth, MIP, Nia, RAPP, Safety Counts, SHIELD, SIHLE, SISTA, Street Smart and VOICES/VOCES (except when used with MSM). Some health departments or other funders may continue to support implementation of these EBIs, and the implementation materials for all these interventions will remain on www.effectiveinterventions.org and be available for download. If you have additional questions about this issue, please contact email@example.com.
CDC’s Division of Reproductive Health (DRH) will provide support to their grantees on AIM, ¡Cuídate!, and SIHLE. For further information on DRH’s efforts, please contact Trisha Mueller at firstname.lastname@example.org.
For more information, please read CDC's Dear Prevention Partner Letter - August 26, 2013
. You may also click on the link, DHAP EBI Prioritization Webinar
, to view the September 4, 2013 webinar recording.
Research and Development for Safety Counts
Rotheram-Borus, MJ., Rhodes, F., Desmond, K., Weiss, RE. (2010). Reducing HIV risks among active injection drug and crack users: the safety counts program. AIDS and Behavior, 14(3):658-68. Epub 2009 Sept. 11.
Hershberger, S. L., Wood, M. M., Fisher, D. G. (2003). A cognitive-behavioral intervention to reduce HIV risk behaviors in crack and injection drug users. AIDS and Behavior, 7, 229-243.
Rhodes, F., Wood, M.M., & Hershberger, S.L. (2000). A cognitive-behavioral intervention to reduce HIV risks among active drug users: Efficacy study. In Staying negative in a positive world: HIV prevention strategies that work (pp. 113-124). Sacramento: California Department of Health Services, Office of AIDS.
Rhodes, F., & Malotte, C.K. (1996). HIV risk interventions for active drug users: Experience and prospects. In S. Oskamp & S. C. Thompson (Eds.), Understanding and preventing HIV risk behavior: Safer sex and drug use (pp. 207-236). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Rhodes, F., & Wood, M.M. (2000). A cognitive-behavioral intervention to reduce HIV risks among active drug users. In Staying negative in a positive world: HIV prevention strategies that work (pp. 97-111). Sacramento: California Department of Health Services, Office of AIDS.
Wood, M.M., & Rhodes, F. (2000). A cognitive-behavioral intervention to reduce HIV risks among active drug users: Implementation issues. In Staying negative in a positive world: HIV prevention strategies that work (pp. 125-144). Sacramento: California Department of Health Services, Office of AIDS.
Rhodes, F., Wood, M.S. (1999). A cognitive-behavioral intervention to reduce HIV risks among active drug users. Paper presented at the 127th Annual Meeting of the American Public Health Association, Chicago, IL.
Rhodes, F., Humfleet, G.L. (1993). Using goal-oriented counseling and peer support to reduce HIV/AIDS risk among drug users not in treatment. Drugs & Society (3/4):185-204.
Program Review Panel Information
The CDC requires all CDC-funded agencies using the Safety Counts intervention to identify, or establish, and utilize a Program Review Panel and complete Form 0.1113 to document this activity. The intervention researchers and developers are not involved in this activity. This is a CDC requirement for their grantees, and all questions in this regard should be directed to your agency's CDC Project Officer or to the health department funding your agency's implementation of the intervention.
The Program Review Panel guidelines, instructions for completion of Form 0.113, and the form itself are available under the Related Links section of this web site.
CDC Policy on Youth Peer Outreach Workers
CDC funded (directly or indirectly) agencies using youth (either paid or volunteer) in program outreach activities need to use caution and judgment in the venues/situations where youth workers are placed. Agencies should give careful consideration to the "age appropriateness" of the activity or venue. Additionally, agencies should comply with all relevant laws and regulations regarding entrance into adult establishments/environments. Laws and curfews should be clearly outlined in required safety protocols developed and implemented by agencies directly and indirectly funded by CDC.
If you have specific questions, please contact your CDC project officer.